DVD2SVCD 1.0.9 build 3 Newbie Reference
Contains quick overview of many of the options available to get you
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IFO file manually choose the biggest size IFO
on the VIDEO_TS dir on the DVD disc or if you the have .ifo/vobs on
IFO file (CD icon) automatically selects IFO file with the longest
IFO file ... (three dots) add or delete vob files, useful
for encoding DVD disc 1&2 as one.
Movie length shows the time/duration of the movie.
Movie length (Down Arrow) selection of chapters (rip with internal
routines to enable)
Aspect ratio It reads the vob files to determine either 4:3 fullscreen
or 16:9 widescreen. Usually it's correct but best to verify with amazon.com/dvd
or use Preview Video (still picture) to be safe. If it says widescreen
letterbox choose 4:3.
-- 4:3 (No borders, encoded as 4:3) choose this if dvd is 4:3, fullscreen,
widescreen letterbox, or anamorphic letterbox.
-- 16:9 (borders added, encoded as 4:3) choose this if dvd is widescreen,
anamorphic, 16:9, 2:35:1, or 1:85:1.
-- Anamorphic (no borders, encoded as 16:9) this is an advanced settings.
Perhaps if you have a widescreen TV you could try it or just editing
the .avs file.
NTSC to PAL check if using PAL if in Europe, etc.
Automatic Shutdown turns off computer when done processing. Gives
60 secs to cancel.
Deinterlace leave at default No deinterlacing for NTSC. If you
have a PAL DVD try Telecide or Blendfields for a concert, music dvd.
Selected Audiotracks can support up to 2 audio streams. Usually
AC3 6ch is default. To add another audio stream (another language for
instance) click arrow under Audio stream no. and choose 2. AC3 2ch is
usually director's commentary
-- Start Conversion (if dvd rip is unselected and vobs already
exist on harddrive). Begins process.
-- Rip and Convert begins process of ripping and encoding
-- Rip Only rips vobs to HD for later processing or used in conjunction
with dvd2svcd batch.bat for batch conversions (advanced).
-- Preview Video (still picture) you can determine correct aspect
ratio, choose subtitle positioning, preview resize effects and deinterlacing
options and gauge how encoded video will look like.
-- Movie info (see CD Image tab)
Set default output folder this is the same as
choosing under DVD Rip tab 'Select new default folder when ripping starts.
It's a good idea to also change this for each new rip.
Set folder structure This places your various output files in
subfolders of the default output folder keeping it organized. The only
files left in the root default folder are you .xml files, svcdinfo.txt
and .bin .cue cd images. Suggested names for output folders are source,
audio, video, muxed, subs.
Don't delete any files this will keep your a few extra unnecessary
files. This option is no longer required to use the Recover feature.
Highly recommended not enabling this option to minimize needed disc
Load settings and Save settings enables profiles with
various parameters to be used.
Recover resume from a certain point in time. Huge time saver.
Need more disc space.
Process priority for all used programs default Normal in
some instances speeds up CCE encoding by just a fraction rather than
High allowing more CPU to frameserve CCE.
DVD2SVCD level Normal or Advanced. You'll notice changes in bbMPEG
tab and Frameserver tab. Keep it at Normal unless you wish to make a
---Input file type---
DVD rips DVD to SVCD, VCD and if you wish XSVCD and XVCD.
AVI Only Supports Framerates of 23.976, 25.000 and 29.970, and
audio types pcm, mp2, mp3 and ac3.
DVB(pva) DVB- Digital Video Broadcast | PVA - Packet Video Audio
(satellite tuner card)
---Output file type---
MPEG-2 choose for SVCD
MPEG-1 choose for VCD
Run this (per CD image) advanced function, run
own batch file per CD image
Parameters stay away newbie....stay far away
I-Author commercial app does chapters, subtitles.
Used to be the the one to use before vcdxbuild supported subtitles.
It'll create .cif images. Install CDmage
1.02.1 Beta 5 and check it in the Finalize tab to convert your CIF
images to Bin Cue images. You cannot burn CIF images with Roxio/Adaptec
EasyCD 5.x or later.
Don't make Images creates bbMPEG_Muxed_File00.mpg and you can use
VCDEasy, TSCV, Nero to create your own Cue Bin images with motion menus,
still menus, chapters, etc.
VCDImager simple creation of Cue Bin images with a CD Label and
VCDXBuild Creates Cue Bin CD images. Adds chapters, title picture,
change CD picture.
Movie title shows in xml file (optional)
CD Label displays name of CD on a computer (optional)
Title picture right click and choose Get picture from IMDB. Don't
forget to either get a new picture when ripping a new movie.
Change CD pic. reaches end of CD it'll loop endlessly (play, show
forever) this picture. NTSC 480x480 and PAL 480x576
Use ChangeCD picture on all CD's if unchecked it won't put your
ChangeCD picture on last CD
Use Entrysvcd (might fix the shown time) might work for some DVD
Data Preparer shows in xml file (found under Movie info)
Include movie info on CD SVCDInfo.txt is put on the CD which contains
imdb.com database info if retrieved from internet and used encoding
Include XML on CD vcdxbuild uses this file to create chapter points,etc.
Useful for reference.
Use MPEGAV instead of MPEG2 directory creates non-compliant SVCD.
For certain DVD players.
Fixed chapters default 60 seconds
DVD chapters exactly the same as on the original DVD chapters.
---PBC Use Selections prev, next, stop/return, chapter via keypad
---PBC Use Playlist prev, next and stop/return
-- No PBC no chapters, might display time of svcd for some dvd
Movie info (IMDB) type in movie title and hit ENTER or click
down arrow choose correct movie and it'll automatically query and retrieve
various movie information.
Rip subtitles extracts hundreds of .bmp subtitle
SVCD Subtitles True selectable subtitles as specified by Philips
to be turned on/off if your dvd player supports it.
CVD Subtitles Alternate selectable subtitles (like I-author uses
). Use if SVCD subtitles don't work. Remember no DVD software currently
supports SVCD or CVD subtitles.
Permanent Subtitles encoded in the movie, can't be turned off.
ms between subs just leave milliseconds of 100 unless you notice
it out of synch
Resize 100% -- change Permanent (only) Subtitles relative size
Std. Y-Pos NTSC and PAL leave at -1 to have same positioning
as the DVD subtitles. Use 'Preview Video' to choose exactly subtitle
Subtitle palette allows changing of colors to your hearts content
Movie offset seconds leave at default 2. . Don't
adjust unless experiencing synch problems.
CD Overlap seconds CD#1 stops at 54:38 and CD#2 starts playing at
54:33 if 5 seconds is selected. Max overlap is 30 seconds.
Activate DVD ripping rips vobs from DVD to your
HD Rarely auth.dll is unable to decrypt dvd keys and authenticate the
dvd. In that case you may need to authenticate the DVD with WinDVD or
PowerDVD by playing it for 2 seconds to unlock the DVD. ASPI drivers
should be installed.
Use vStrip one of the top DVD rippers
Use Internal routines Use is required if using selective chapters
in the Movie length option.
Select new default folder when ripping starts recommend checking
this to avoid overwriting existing vobs files and definitely use it
for batch ripping/encoding.
Eject DVD when ripped takes about 10 to 20mins to rip to HD usually
and reload after ejecting DVD it'll reload it in case your away
from your computer
iDCT Algorithm just leave it as 32-bit SSE MMX
NTSC Field Operation (Force Film)
dvd2avi analyzes the movie when playing it by checking the created .d2v
Luminance gain default 0 (0=128 ..so a vaule of 8 is 128
+ 8 =136) contrast
Luminance offset default 0 (0=128) brightness (usually
never touch luminance)
Automatic should work vast majority of the time. Resort
to choosing manually only if Automatic fails. The film will be jerky
or show lines. This is rare though.
On NTSC/Film % fluctuates between 90- 99%, this is the most common
Off NTSC/Film % constant with no % NTSC
IVTC (Slow as hell) NTSC/Film % is lower than 90% it'll use IVTC,
i.e. anime Only on NTSC
Autodetect Azid gain (2 pass) you want this
enabled. Finds highest -dB level without distortion.
Azid gain offset if autodetect sound level is not loud enough try
a value between 6 to 15.
Output mode just leave on Stereo
Bitrate popular choices are 224 or 192. Technically you can choose
64 to 384Kbps.
Audio 1 downsample 48 -> 44.1 recommend unchecked (svcd spec
is 44.1Khz) You can save anywhere from 10 mins. to 2 hours in processing
time. If you don't downsample it only wastes 2KB per CD All DVD players
play SVCD audio in 48Khz.
Resize method (use arrows to change order of
commands in in .avs file..advanced)
--SimpleResize (fast) is default. Unfiltered, doesn't soften. 20-25%
increase fastest for encoding
--Bilinear softens picture a tad, about 10% faster encoding
--BicubicResize sharpens and arguably achieves best quality results
but is the slowest
Avisynth Bicubic b value and c value leave defaults of b value
0.00 c value 0.75
TemporalSmoother use when doing a One pass VBR or encoding from
a noisy source. 40% reduction in video encoding speed. Use the defaults
Strength 2 and Radius 1.
Sharpen default off (settings from 0 to 1.0) gets rid of
haze effect but increases noise so increase noise filter. 40%
reduction in video encoding speed
Edit the Avisynth Script File (not for newbies) Advanced filters,
No Editing continues through the whole process uninterrupted
Edit when dvd2avi processing is done right after analyzing before
audio pups up .avs file
Edit as part of CCE encoding just before CCE starts pops up .avs
Flip vertical flips your video 180 degrees.
Add ResampleAudio adds 'ResampleAudio (44100) to .avs file but doesn't
downsample audio. Only use it if you are experiencing CCE crashes on
--- SVCD (480 x 480/576) = 480x480 NTSC, 480x576 PAL
--- DVD (720 x 480/576) used for DVD to DVD-R
--- VCD (352 x 240/288) roughly half resolution of a DVD
--- CVD (352 x 480/576) Chinese Video Disc, squeeze more time
on cd albeit lower resolution
Choose parameters and how many CDs 740 is 74min,
800 is 80min, 900 is 90min, 999 is 99min CD. Look
for the bitrate on the far right side. Make sure the lowest bitrate
isn't lower than 1600 (example) and if it is adjust your minute settings
to get quality video using VBR. CBR bitrate should be 2200 or above.
Max. 2530 safety setting to not exceed SVCD spec. Audio + Video
bitrate = total bitrate
Make sure Max. avg bitrate is 120 below your Max bitrate to avoid
possible CCE errors.
Min. 300 set this value to 0 for more precise bitrate calculactions
Min. avg 1600 it'll never drop below this. Guarantees decent video
Max. avg 2230 you could increase this if you know what your doing
to maximize your CDs
Adjust the audio bitrate if the total bitrate is too high (Max. total
birtate is 2723kb/sec)
For VCD set Max. Min. Min. avg Max. avg all to
CBR Constant Bitrate. Uses many CDs and has high bitrate. Fast encoding.
Usually 2500 bitrate.
One pass VBR Variable Bitrate. Better image quality by using
Q. Factor of 3. Many CDs with high bitrate. Relatively quick encoding.
Multipass VBR most popular video encoding method. Recommend 3 or
Image Quality Priority leave default checked and value of 17
Anti noise filter leave default checked and value of 2
Field Order leave default Automatic (only manually change if
to field B if your video is jerky) in CCE manual this is referred to
as Upper Field first
CCE Advanced Settings (only shown for default
Linear quantizer scale checked
Zigzag scanning order checked
Constrained parameter set checked (only shown for mpeg-1)
DVD Compliant unchecked
Progressive frames checked
Intra DC decision: Auto unchecked 10
GOP Sequence M = 3 M/N= 5
SEQ Header every 1
Restrict auto I frame insertion unchecked
Close all GOPs unchecked
Safe mode (frameserving)
default use only if you encounter CCE crashes. Slows frameservering/encoding
about 30%. DVD2SVCD\VFAPI\Reader\VFAPIConv-EN.exe
enables you to use Cinemacraft SP (CCE) 2.62 or 2.64 instead of CCE
Unzip to a subdir in DVD2SVCD and Install as per instructions in ReadMe.txt
Constant Bitrate CBR should use at least 2300 or above for good
2pass variable bitrate (VBR) default takes awhile but looks the
Constant quality (CQ) hard to accurately predict cd size (not
Motion search precision allows to find action sequences to increase
bitrate for those scenes
Highest quality (very slow) default --save quite a bit of
encoding time by choosing High quality
Top field first (field A) default
Bottom field first (field B) use for DV source
Only if your source is NTSC will it perform Pulldown.
Process converts 24fps film to 29.97fps video by repeating one film
frame as three fields, then the next film frame as two fields. This
saves time by not having to have CCE encode only 24fps rather than 29.97fps.
Guide by doom9
basics by doom9
standalone DVD players
Aspect ratio flash
gregl here and doom9
here and howstuffworks.com
But before you get too excited read the legality first of DVD backup.
media and the DMCA by Ben Rudiak
analysis by doom9
revisited by doom9
You can fit 807MB mpeg2 on a 80min CD
Audio CD, VCD, SVCD is not the same as a data cdrom (error correction)
Info below is stolen from here
(44,100 Hz) x 16 bit x 2 channels = 1,411,200 bits/sec, 1,441,200 /
8 = 176,400 bytes/sec
75 frames (also called blocks) in a second, 176,400 / 75 = 2,352 bytes
1 block = 2,352 bytes, 1 second = 75 blocks (frames), 1 minute = 60
74min CD (60secs x 74min = 4,440secs x 75 blocks = 333,000bytes)
80min CD (60secs x 80min = 4,800secs x 75 blocks = 360,000bytes)
74 minutes (CD-DA) = 333,000 x 2,352 = 783,216,000 bytes = 746.9 MB
80 minutes (CD-DA) = 360,000 x 2,352 = 846,720,000 bytes = 807.5 MB
Most use standalone DVD players to view the movie on TV. You can view
it on any computer with a cd-rom using DVD software such as WinDVD
neither of which supports selectable subtitles though. If you can't
get it to play
try file mode and select the \MPEG2\AVSEQ01.MPG to watch.
Intel Pentium 4, Pentium III, Celeron (533 MHz or better), AMD Athlon,
AMD Duron. Minimum 256MB RAM for all practical purposes. My tests show
256MB rather than 512MB 0.4% or RT 0.005 slower so more memory won't
increase encoding speed but could help if your using tons of programs
Space requirements (approximate) for 3 hour DVD
2.5GB CD images (Cue/Bin or CIF)
7.5GB vobs (ripped from dvd)
5.0GB output (audio/video processed files)
16GB or more of harddisk space would be optimal.
7GB or less might suffice depending upon factors such as length of movie,
audio and video bitrates, encoding methods, etc.
-- NTSC 480x480 = 230,400 pixels, PAL 480x576 = 276,480 pixels. PAL
encodes slower than NTSC since it has 17% more pixels to encode.
-- 4:3 source encodes quicker than 16:9 source
-- Verify that DMA (direct memory access) is enabled for your harddrive(s)
to avoid wasting precious CPU cycles.
-- Don't downsample 48Khz --> 44.1Khz to save time (unnecessary)
-- CCE multipass VBR use 3 or 4 passes instead of 5
-- BicubicResize results in the slowest encoding speed
-- Bilinear increases encoding speed about 10%
-- SimpleResize increases encoding speed about 20-25%
-- TemporalSmoother slows encoding speed about 40%
-- Sharpen slows encoding speed about 40%
-- Safe Mode (VFAPI Slow!) slows encoding speed about 30%
-- Deinterlacing slows encoding speed by about [SmartDeinterlace
40% | Blendfields 10% | SeparateFields/SelectEvery(PAL)
15% | VerticalReduceBy2(PAL) 20% | Telecide(PAL) 25%]
--TMPGEnc takes much longer to encode than CCE
-- Try 128, 160, 192 rather than 224kbps audio for increased video bitrate.
(SVCD spec. is 224)
-- First rip? Rip the smallest DVD chapter and observe the process.
-- Don't waste cds. View mount your SVCD with daemon tools and view
with WinDVD or PowerDVD to check video quality and for synch issues.
-- Cut out the credits by ripping with internal routines or smartripper
and deselect the last chapter. Verify with software DVD player or in
your DVD player the credits are indeed a chapter.
-- The Demo version of CCE encodes a logo into the video.
-- Trouble ripping or authenticating the DVD, install ASPI drivers.
-- Synch issues, can't rip dvd for life of you. Try internal routines*,
vstrip, smartripper*, dvddecrypter. [*can rip chapter(s)] to save time
-- CCE crashes or Avisynth access violation errors could be bad memory
modules. Test for free with memtest86
memory checkers (requires one blank floppy). Double check your motherboard's
FSB matches the memory modules. Try not to mix various brands of memory.
-- Title and Change CD Picture. NTSC 480x480, PAL 480x576. Suggest fitting
your text (if any) into the 450x450 area of your 480x480 image for NTSC
and 450x546 area for PAL. Otherwise it'll get chopped off and won't
show on your TV.
This document was last updated on 07/11/02